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Re: 5 more proofs and more
>I have finally found the "Zeno Map".
Was it lost?
> The map was not part of the original
>Zeno Narratives or documentation. The map was apparently concocted by a
>Zeno descendant more than 200 years after Henry's trip.
It was first published in 1558, which is 160 years after 1398.
A version of 1562 was auctioned a few years ago:
As to whether the narrative or the map were real or fabricated,
there are many references in
Here's a claim that the most convincing evidence of forgery of the map
was in an article in Danish by Ib Kjelbo, "Zenokortet - dets kilder of
dets betydning for den kartografiske udforming af det nordlige atlanterhav"
The same argument appears to be given in English in the Catholic Encyclopedia:
Apparently one Claudius Clavus produced the earliest map of the Nordic
countries, including Greenland, and he named places from words in an old
No original of Clavus' map still exists, but it was copied by one
Guillaume Fillastre (Philastrius), and that copy still exists in the
city library of Nancy, France:
Clavus' map was apparently also used in a map by Olaus Magnus:
Here's the map the Zeno map is supposed to be copied from,
the Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus, the last Catholic archbishop of Sweden,
published in 1539 in Venice:
Add to all this the material produced recently by Sinclairs,
and there's plenty of possibility for opinions.
For example, here's a jumbled mess that seems to confuse the Westford
Knight with the Zeno map, conflates Henry Sinclair with Prince Henry
the Navigator, claims the Scottish Sinclairs descend from the Scots Guards,
and adds in the Priure de Sion, two Oak Islands with a castle between,
One hopes we can do better than that.
John S. Quarterman <email@example.com>