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1040: Macbeth, King of Scots. Macbeth replaced Duncan as king. In
spite of Shakespeare's later bad press, Macbeth was actually a good
king; well, good as medieval rulers go! He ruled well from 1040-57;
vacationed in Rome. After Malcolm II's murder by his nobles at Glamis,
Duncan killed his opponents and seized the throne as King Duncan I
(1034-1040). His first cousins, Macbeth (of Shakespearian fame) and
Thorfinn the Raven Feeder, Norwegian Earl of Orkney, united to advance
Macbeth's claim to the throne through his mother, another daughter of
Malcolm II. Duncan reigned from 1034 until he was defeated in battle
by their combined armies and killed by Macbeth in August 1040 at
Elgin. Scotland was then ruled by Thorfinn in the northern districts
and Macbeth in the southern districts.
1248: Cologne Cathedral begun, Rebuilding after a fire of the largest
Gothic church in northern Europe, the Cologne Cathedral, was begun, to
be completed after 632 years, on 14 August 1880. First church on the
1699: Unicorn at NY, The Unicorn reaches New York.
1700: Rising Sun dismasted, The Rising Sun dismasted in a gale in the
Gulf of Florida, sails on northwards.
1880: Cologne Cathedral finished, The largest Gothic church in
northern Europe, the Cologne Cathedral, was completed after 632 years.
Rebuilding had begun Aug. 14, 1248. A fire wrecked the old church .
First church on the site 873.
1945: VJ Day, Allied Victory over Japan; end of hostilities of World
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