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Re: Sinclair Dates

At 02:19 26/04/00 -0500, you wrote:

   [1]Sinclair Dates:  April 28.
   In 1286: Parliament at Scone, Election of Guardians .


John Sinclair Quarterman in his steady catalogue of "Sinclair Dates" reminds us
that the Scottish Parliament met at Scone on April 28th, 1286 to elect 'guardians'
but this Parliament was a Parliament of the Estates of Scotland and  Norway
where it was decided that, in the event of Alexander III of Scotland dying without
male issue, the throne of Scotland would go to the "Maid of Norway".  During her
minority the country would be governed by a Regent.

Robert 'the Bruce' was the nearest male relative to Alexander III.

In 1290 Princess Margaret, the "Maid of Norway", (then only seven years old) was
despatched to Scotland but died at sea off the Orkney Isles.  It is said that he body
was returned to NBorway but others maintain that she was buried at Harold's Tower
in Caithness which you will eventually be able to see on one of the three films which
we are making for the Sinclair Millennium Gathering.

There is a mournful couplet about the death of the "Maid of Norway" whiich reads:
                        "The north wind sobs where Margaret sleeps
                          And still in tears of blood her memory Scotland steeps"

In order to understand why the "Maid of Norway" should have been considered as the
heir to the Scottish throne, she was the daughter of the daughter of Alexander !!!
(another Margaret) who had married King Eric of Norway.

With the "Maid of Norway" dead there was no heir so Robert 'the Bruce' ,in order to
strengthen his position, married his sister, Isabella, to King Eric when King Eric's
first wife died in 1293 .

The purpose of the above information is to demonstrate how closely linked the Scots
and the Norwegians were through their principal families and how the idea of a Northern
Commonwealth as ultimately envisaged between Queen Margrette of Norway (1380 -1412)
and her premier Earl, Prince Henry Sinclair, made sense - given the political and economic
pressures at the time.

The Norse Northern Commonwealth would have included:

        Norway, Sweden and Denmark (which had been united by the Treaty of Kalmar 1397)
        Scotland plus Prince Henry Sinclair's 'jarldom' of Orkney, Shetland and the Faeroes
        Greenland and Iceland - then part of the Norwegian realm.
        Markland (Newfoundland), Helluland (Labrador) and Vinland (New England)

This was essentially a power bloc to combat the growing influence of the Germanic
Hanseatic League which was stretching its tentacles out into the North Atlantic which
was already being referred to as Oceanus Germanicus.

Henry Sinclair's voyage to the New World in 1398 was an attempt to cement the concept
of a Northern Commonwealth which collapsed with his death and that of Queen Margrette
because, her adopted nephew, King Eric, was unable to hold the Scandinavian alliance together.  It was at this time that Earl William Sinclair, the grandson of Prince Henry, was
being seriously considered as a contender for the throne of Norway because the Sinclairs,
by belonging to the House of More, in Norway, wwere seen as the premier 'jarls' of that

The reception given to the Earl of Caithness during his recent visit to that country also
served to illustrate the abiding affection and affiliation which the Norwegians feel for the
Sinclair family.

Niven Sinclair

   1. http://www.mids.org/sinclair/timeline.html
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