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At 23:58 30/06/99 -0400, you wrote:
>JOHN ----- you wrote ::
>""I even see on the web a golf plantation in Michigan. And another one
>in Hawaii. So the traditional usage of the word is not restricted to
>the south. ""
>You have made my point exactly -- the usage of the word " Plantation " was
>never restricted to the South ( USA ) . It was a common< routine > land
>description in the 1600-1700 Northeast USA e.g. Delaware , Pennsylvania ,
>Now we hear farm , ranch , etc, but vitually never Plantation in a generic
>sense in those areas , unless someone is trying to add a " mystique " to the
>I also agree that slaveholding was not restricted to the South i.e. some
> ( Union ) states had slaves, or almost as bad , " indentured servants " ,
>while many Southerners did not practice and / or actively opposed slavery .
>However , I would have been remiss if I had not clearly stated that the "
>plantations " of my Quaker ancestors were not slaveholding ; in fact 200
>years later , many of their descendents even broke with their Orthodox
>Brethern to fight for the freedom of everyone in the American Civil War as "
>Progressive Quakers " or "Quaker Baptists".
>Incidentally , the " Plantations " in Hawaii may be just that !! Many of
>these are and were large and old agricultural enterprises -- Castle and
>may still be one such Plantation ( pineapples ) ??
>Amelia Island Plantation may also have been a seacoast plantation or part of
>rice , hay , etc. were grown on some of the Florida , Georgia , etc. "
>southern " plantations --many islands were owned by a single family .
>RORY : you wrote ---""that would 'ante' belleum "".
>YES -- ante meaning " before " not anti --meaning " opposed " -- THANKS .
>Regards to all .
The Sinclairs bought Ni'ihau Island, Hawaii, in 1864 for $10,000 from King
Kamehamehe IV, following an
unusually wet winter that had turned the normally arid scrubland into lush
green pastures and filled low-lying
depressions with great expanses of fresh water. The next year the grasses
withered and the lakes dried up
and the Sinclairs, realising that Ni'ihau would never yield great riches
began buying more productive land on
Kaua'i which lies some 17 miles away across the choppy Kaulakahi Channel.
The U.S. Navy is now interested in buying the isolated island of Ni'ihau as
a possible site for launching test rockets.
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