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Re: History with a Sinclair connection



Dear One

As you wish.

Sinclair
-----Original Message-----
From: Spirit One Email <laurel@spiritone.com>
To: sinclair@matrix.net <sinclair@matrix.net>
Date: 02 December 2000 06:03
Subject: Re: History with a Sinclair connection


>
>Dear Sinclair,
>   Could we put this story in the Yours Aye?
>It would be very interesting and people would be interested.
>Laurel
>
>
>> 27 November 1495 - King James IV of Scotland entertains Perkin Warbeck
>>
>>  On 23 November, 1499, Perkin Warbeck was taken  from the Tower of London
>to
>> Tyburn Hill to be  hanged.  He  masqueraded for six years as Richard,
Duke
>> of York had come to an end two years previously. He died, not for  his
>> emulation of the  prince, but because he plotted to overthrow Henry VII.
>The
>> plot  also cost the life of the last Plantagenet,  Edward, Earl of
>Warwick.
>>
>> Warbeck's career as Duke of York began in 1491 in Cork where he was
>> initially acclaimed as the  Earl of Warwick. He then adopted the
identity
>> of Richard of York, the younger of the two 'Princes in the Tower'. He
>> alleged he had been permitted to escape when his brother was murdered, a
>> story sufficiently plausible to be accepted by those who wanted to
believe
>> it.
>>
>> Warbeck's welcome in Ireland fell short of that accorded an earlier
>Yorkist
>> pretender, Lambert  Simnel, in 1487. So he began a long exodus around
>> European courts looking for support. As Richard of York he was received
by
>> Charles VIII of France; by Margaret of Burgundy,  who conceded him to be
>her
>> nephew.  He attended the funeral of Emperor Frederick III in 1493 at the
>> invitation of Maximilian I. Warbeck  first attempt to invade England was
3
>> July, 1495, with the help of Margaret of Burgundy. A small force landed
>near
>> Deal they were routed..
>>
>> Warbeck never got off the ship he made for Ireland. With the support of
>the
>> Earl of Desmond he besieged  Waterford, but when the town resisted he was
>> again forced to withdraw, this time to Scotland.
>>
>> In Scotland Warbeck was well received . He  married the king's cousin,
>Lady
>> Catherine Gordon, a grand daughter of the Earl of Caithness and was
>granted
>> a monthly pension of 112.  James IV accepted  his claim to the English
>> throne. The  Scottish invasion of England in his  support of Warbeck,
>> September 1496, was a fiasco.: No surge  of public backing was
forthcoming
>> from Northumberland and the Scots withdrew without meeting the English
>> forces. The episode served  only as an excuse for Henry to raise taxes
for
>> defence. Now an embarrassment to the James IV, Warbeck returned once more
>to
>> Ireland.
>>
>>  A rising in Cornwall against the tax increases in June 1497 encouraged
>> Warbeck to expect  support there. On September 12th he arrived near
Land's
>> End with just 120 men in two ships.This  final invasion was by far the
>most
>> successful;  his force was several thousand strong by the  time it
reached
>> Exeter. His "Army"   was unarmed and when Exeter resisted, Warbeck  moved
>> on. When the King's army reached the rebels Warbeck realised there was no
>> hope and fled for the coast. He took refuge in  Beaulieu Abbey.. He
>> surrendered without a fight.
>>
>> In his confession to Henry at Taunton on 5 October 1497, Warbeck admitted
>> that he was the son  of a bourgeois of Tournai. He said he had come to
>Cork
>> in 1491 as a merchant's apprentice and  had been 'recognised' as a
Yorkist
>> prince.
>>
>> Though some of the ringleaders of the Cornish rebellion were executed,
>> Warbeck was merely taken into custody until he tried to escape in  June
>> 1498. He was then sent to the Tower of London. Early in 1499, yet another
>> false Warwick had been set up in opposition to Henry.Though the  plot was
>> quickly suppressed it may have  convinced the King of the wisdom of
>> disposing of  Warwick altogether. An agent provocateur was most likely
>> employed. Warbeck and Warwick were  confined in neighbouring cells and
one
>> of Perkin's erstwhile supporters was appointed gaoler. An informer gave
>away
>> the plot: to burn down the Tower, escape to
>> Flanders, and place Warwick on the throne. The false pretender and  the
>true
>> pretender along with several others,  including the gaoler, were found
>> guilty of  treason. Perkin Warbeck was hanged, being a commoner,  on 23
>> November ; the Earl of Warwick being the noble that he was had his head
>cut
>> off on Tower Hill on the 29th.
>>
>>
>> Sinclair
>>
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>
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