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Sinclair Dates

   November 29

   1530: Cardinal Thomas Wolsey d., Adviser to England's King Henry VIII.
   Cardinal  and statesman who dominated the government of England's King
   Henry  VIII  from 1515 to 1529. His unpopularity contributed, upon his
   downfall,  to  the  anticlerical  reaction  that  was  a factor in the
   English  Reformation.  The immediate cause of Wolsey's fall from power
   was  his  failure  to  persuade  Pope  Clement  VII  to grant Henry an
   annulment  of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. There had long been
   a  party  of  nobles who hated the lowborn, overbearing cardinal. When
   his  final  attempt  to  obtain  the annulment collapsed in July 1529,
   these  enemies  easily  turned the king against him. In October Wolsey
   was indicted on a praemunire charge of having overstepped his legatine
   authority. Stripped of all his offices and preferments except York, he
   left  London  for  York  in April 1530. Nevertheless, Henry was led to
   believe  that  he  was  conspiring to recover his position. Wolsey was
   arrested  on  November 4 on charges of treason (for corresponding with
   the  French  court),  but he died at the end of the month while on his
   way to face the king.


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