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Re: FW: [evol-psych] Aborigines were the first Americans & Viking Rock
Rob, I love the Viking rock! I have forwarded the article to several of my
friends and I am sure they too will love the vague dates etc. Today, I also
received this article on the possible earliest Americans from the
Anthropology List. It ties in nicely with our discussions of early
explorers from Europe. If Australian Aborigines could make a 4,000 mile
journey I am sure Europeans could make the skip across the Atlantic.
However, a skull, and possibly several more skulls that haven't been studied
yet, is better evidence than a rock. Anyone can fake a rock or rock
structure. You have more trouble faking a well documented skull. And you
have trouble faking a documented local population with genetic traits of the
For those of you who were bored the last time we got into this discussion,
maybe you should skip this. Darwin
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Jesse S. Cook III [SMTP:jesse_cook@JUNO.COM]
> > Sent: Sunday, August 22, 1999 5:13 PM
> > To: ANTHRO-L@LISTSERV.ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU
> > Subject: Fwd: [evol-psych] Aborigines were the first Americans
> > --------- Begin forwarded message ----------
> > From: "Ian Pitchford" <Ian.Pitchford@scientist.com>
> > To: <email@example.com>
> > Date: Sun, 22 Aug 1999 18:50:00 +0100
> > THE SUNDAY TIMES
> > August 22 1999 UNITED STATES
> > Aborigines were the first Americans
> > By Sarah Toyne
> > THE first people to inhabit America were Australian Aborigines - not
> > American
> > Indians. New archeological findings have uncovered evidence that they
> > crossed
> > the Pacific Ocean by boat and settled on the continent long before
> > Siberians
> > trekked across the Bering Straits after the Ice Age.
> > Scientists have reconstructed the skull of a young girl found in Brazil.
> > At
> > 12,000 years old, "Luzia" is the oldest human skeleton yet found on the
> > American landmass. During the past four years 50 other skulls have been
> > discovered in Brazil and Colombia, all predating the invasion of
> > Mongoloid peoples from the north about 9,000 years ago.
> > Luzia's skull was discovered in the early 1970s by a French archeologist
> > in a
> > layer of sediment in Amazonas and was dismissed as insignificant. It was
> > given
> > away to the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro, where it remained until a
> > few
> > years ago when Walter Neves, professor of biological anthropology at the
> > University of Sao Paolo, heard about it and realised that it might
> > provide
> > vital clues for solving the mystery of America's anthropological
> > heritage.
> > The procedure has revealed conclusive evidence of Luzia's ancestry.
> > is
> > still shocked by his findings. "When we started seeing the results, it
> > was
> > amazing because we realised the statistics were not showing these people
> > to be
> > Mongoloid; they were showing that they were anything except Mongoloid,"
> > he said.
> > Luzia was reconstructed by Richard Neave, a forensic artist from the
> > University
> > of Manchester, for Ancient Voices, a BBC2 documentary to be shown next
> > week.
> > Neave's reconstruction backed up Neves's calculations: "That to me is a
> > negroid
> > face. The proportions of the face do not say anything about it being
> > Mongoloid."
> > Luzia's facial characteristics are similar to those of the people of the
> > islands of southeast Asia, Australia and Melanesia. "They are similar to
> > modern-day Aborigines and Africans and show no similarities at all with
> > Mongoloids from east Asia and modern-day Indians," said Neves.
> > The oldest signs of habitation in north or south America were previously
> > believed to be stone spear points discovered at Clovis, New Mexico, in
> > the
> > 1930s. They were dated at 11,000 years old. Charcoal, a chipped stone
> > stool and
> > scraps of food found recently, however, have been dated at 40,000 years
> > old--the remains, perhaps, of a campfire lit by ancient seafarers from
> > Asia.
> > The theory that Aborigines could have travelled by water to the Americas
> > has
> > been given further credence by the discovery of a painting of an ocean-
> > going
> > vessel in Western Australia, which is 20,000 years old. The 4,000-mile
> > journey
> > between Australia and South America can still be undertaken with
> > relatively short island hops.
> > Dennis Stanford, chairman of the anthropology department at the Natural
> > Museum
> > of History in Washington DC, believes the capability of prehistoric
> > peoples has
> > long been underestimated. "Way back then they weren't really 'cave'
> > people,
> > they were pretty sophisticated," he said. "I think Neolithic people were
> > doing
> > a whole lot more than we give them credit for; they were just as smart
> > you and I, they just did different things."
> > Further evidence of the fate of the Aboriginal invaders has been
> > by
> > computer- imaging technology, used to interpret cave paintings in the
> > Serra da
> > Capivara in northeastern Brazil. The pictures show pregnant women and
> > hunters
> > chasing giant armadillos, as well as what were initially interpreted by
> > archeologists as human figures dancing. After more examination, however,
> > the
> > figures are now thought to be warriors spinning through the air with a
> > spear--illustrating battles between the Aborigines and the invading
> > Mongoloids from the north.
> > The American Aborigines were almost entirely wiped out by the
> > Mongoloids, but anthropologists believe that some of their descendants,
> > interbred with the Mongoloid peoples who preceded today's South American
> > Indians, survived in Tierra del Fuego. Scientists believe that
> > descendants escaped to this remote island off the southern tip of South
> > America, where they prospered until European settlers migrating to
> > Argentina at
> > the beginning of the 20th century brought stomach illnesses to the area,
> > which wiped out the majority of the remaining native Fuegans.
> > Rows of white crosses mark the graves of the Fuegans, who wore sealskins
> > and
> > lit fires everywhere - even in boats - to protect themselves from the
> > harsh climate. Their skulls have now been analysed to reveal features
> > common to Neves's skulls.
> > Evidence from Father de Agostini, an Italian ethnographer who filmed the
> > Fuegan
> > way of life in the 1930s, reveal similarities with Aboriginal culture in
> > Australia. Only a few Fuegans remain alive today, a fading
> > anthropological link with the first native Americans.
> > http://www.sunday-times.co.uk/
> > --------- End forwarded message ----------
> > Jesse S. Cook III
> > >>>>>> To unsubscribe from this mailing list, send the command <<<<<<
> > >>>>>> UNSUB ANTHRO-L to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU . <<<<<<
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