John KnoxFrom: "Matheson" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 25 May 1999 11:28:58 -0600
I don't know if this is what you had in mind re: John Knox etc., but this is a message I posted to the list in March.
I can offer a brief synopsis from a history I recently read regarding the early beginning of Protestantism. (Dorothy B. Sutherland, Enchantment of the World: Scotland. Chicago: 1985)
Mary, Queen of Scots, was raised and educated in France from the age of 6, in agreement with her betrothal to the Dauphin. Meanwhile, "the leaders of the Catholic church had long been rich and corrupt," which paved the way for religious reform. John Knox was a fiery preacher who first was mentioned in 1544. He became an enemy of Mary. In 1557 a group of Scottish nobles drafted the First Covenant, which renounced the Catholic church.
Mary married the Dauphin in 1558 and he became King in 1559. Back in Scotland, John Knox was triumphant in his attempt to wipe out all traces of Roman Catholic ceremoniescelebration of Christmas and Easter were abolished, and Holy Communion was rarely observed.
Mary was widowed shortly hereafter at age 18 and returned to Scotlanda Catholic, of course! She then created scandal after scandal with husband, lover, mysterious deaths, etc. At age 24, in 1567, Mary was captured by Protestant nobles. She was forced to abdicate the thrown to her one-year-old son, James. She fled to cousin Elizabeth who, of course, imprisoned and eventually beheaded Mary in 1587.
James (who assumed the throne in 1583) was a Protestant, but he did not oppress the Catholics. However, he had difficulties with the ruling officials of the Scottish Churchcalled the Presbyterywho tried to have a part in the government of Scotland. King James version of bible is named after this James, who authorized its translation. After James died and was succeeded by his son Charles in 1625, Charles tried to impose the Episcopalianism, the English form of Protestantism. Enter Cromwell, the Scots Covenanters, the Cavaliers, and the Roundheads... etc.etc.etc.
Last changed: 99/11/21 14:43:37