[Up] [Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next] [Date Index] [Thread Index]

Re: History with a Sinclair connection




Dear Sinclair,
   Could we put this story in the Yours Aye?
It would be very interesting and people would be interested.
Laurel


> 27 November 1495 - King James IV of Scotland entertains Perkin Warbeck
>
>  On 23 November, 1499, Perkin Warbeck was taken  from the Tower of London
to
> Tyburn Hill to be  hanged.  He  masqueraded for six years as Richard, Duke
> of York had come to an end two years previously. He died, not for  his
> emulation of the  prince, but because he plotted to overthrow Henry VII.
The
> plot  also cost the life of the last Plantagenet,  Edward, Earl of
Warwick.
>
> Warbeck's career as Duke of York began in 1491 in Cork where he was
> initially acclaimed as the  Earl of Warwick. He then adopted the  identity
> of Richard of York, the younger of the two 'Princes in the Tower'. He
> alleged he had been permitted to escape when his brother was murdered, a
> story sufficiently plausible to be accepted by those who wanted to believe
> it.
>
> Warbeck's welcome in Ireland fell short of that accorded an earlier
Yorkist
> pretender, Lambert  Simnel, in 1487. So he began a long exodus around
> European courts looking for support. As Richard of York he was received by
> Charles VIII of France; by Margaret of Burgundy,  who conceded him to be
her
> nephew.  He attended the funeral of Emperor Frederick III in 1493 at the
> invitation of Maximilian I. Warbeck  first attempt to invade England was 3
> July, 1495, with the help of Margaret of Burgundy. A small force landed
near
> Deal they were routed..
>
> Warbeck never got off the ship he made for Ireland. With the support of
the
> Earl of Desmond he besieged  Waterford, but when the town resisted he was
> again forced to withdraw, this time to Scotland.
>
> In Scotland Warbeck was well received . He  married the king's cousin,
Lady
> Catherine Gordon, a grand daughter of the Earl of Caithness and was
granted
> a monthly pension of 112.  James IV accepted  his claim to the English
> throne. The  Scottish invasion of England in his  support of Warbeck,
> September 1496, was a fiasco.: No surge  of public backing was forthcoming
> from Northumberland and the Scots withdrew without meeting the English
> forces. The episode served  only as an excuse for Henry to raise taxes for
> defence. Now an embarrassment to the James IV, Warbeck returned once more
to
> Ireland.
>
>  A rising in Cornwall against the tax increases in June 1497 encouraged
> Warbeck to expect  support there. On September 12th he arrived near Land's
> End with just 120 men in two ships.This  final invasion was by far the
most
> successful;  his force was several thousand strong by the  time it reached
> Exeter. His "Army"   was unarmed and when Exeter resisted, Warbeck  moved
> on. When the King's army reached the rebels Warbeck realised there was no
> hope and fled for the coast. He took refuge in  Beaulieu Abbey.. He
> surrendered without a fight.
>
> In his confession to Henry at Taunton on 5 October 1497, Warbeck admitted
> that he was the son  of a bourgeois of Tournai. He said he had come to
Cork
> in 1491 as a merchant's apprentice and  had been 'recognised' as a Yorkist
> prince.
>
> Though some of the ringleaders of the Cornish rebellion were executed,
> Warbeck was merely taken into custody until he tried to escape in  June
> 1498. He was then sent to the Tower of London. Early in 1499, yet another
> false Warwick had been set up in opposition to Henry.Though the  plot was
> quickly suppressed it may have  convinced the King of the wisdom of
> disposing of  Warwick altogether. An agent provocateur was most likely
> employed. Warbeck and Warwick were  confined in neighbouring cells and one
> of Perkin's erstwhile supporters was appointed gaoler. An informer gave
away
> the plot: to burn down the Tower, escape to
> Flanders, and place Warwick on the throne. The false pretender and  the
true
> pretender along with several others,  including the gaoler, were found
> guilty of  treason. Perkin Warbeck was hanged, being a commoner,  on 23
> November ; the Earl of Warwick being the noble that he was had his head
cut
> off on Tower Hill on the 29th.
>
>
> Sinclair
>
> [ This is the Sinclair family discussion list, sinclair@mids.org
> [ To get off or on the list, see http://www.mids.org/sinclair/list.html

[ This is the Sinclair family discussion list, sinclair@mids.org
[ To get off or on the list, see http://www.mids.org/sinclair/list.html