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Re: King Peter's Crusade, 1365



John,
    Pete maybe got his information from Andrew Sinclair because on pages 13
and 121 of "The Sword and the Grail" this is mentioned.  Probably Andrew
knew more and in conversations or letters (I assume they had), Pete added
more to the story.  That is my guess
Laurel


----- Original Message -----
From: John S. Quarterman <jsq@mids.org>
To: <sinclair@mids.org>
Sent: Sunday, December 19, 1999 4:12 PM
Subject: King Peter's Crusade, 1365


> Here's a peculiar corner of history.  Pete Cummings mentioned it in
passing
> twice in his newsletter, but I didn't catch it.  It seems that Henry
Sinclair,
> the future Earl of Orkney, went on a Crusade long after the Last Crusade.
> This King Peter's Crusade, led by King Peter I Lusignan of Cyprus, had
also
> escaped my attention.
>
> Pete didn't give a reference for where he got his information about Henry
> participating in that Crusade, but elsewhere he said he got it from Niven.
>
> Does anyone have any further information?
>
> Appended is the text of the new page
>  http://www.mids.org/sinclair/kingpeterscrusade.html
>
> John S. Quarterman <jsq@mids.org>
>
> King Peter's Crusade, 1365
>
>      ``While visiting other capitals in Europe, [1]Henry Sinclair met
>      Carlo Zeno of Venice. Then, Carlo was promoting support for another
>      Crusade, this one called King Peter's Crusade. In Venice Henry
>      Sinclair observed the Arsenale as it produced ships at the amazing
>      rate of one per day! Henry Sinclair joined the Crusade, just as his
>      ancestors had enlisted in previous Crusades. In 1365 their 400
>      ships attacked Alexandria and flattened the enemy. As a result, the
>      Islamic nations banned trading for the Venetians, forcing them to
>      search for more trading routes.''
>      -[2]Pete Cummings
>
>      ``King Peter I of Cyprus finally organized an expedition that in
>      1365 succeeded in a temporary occupation of Alexandria. After a
>      horrible sack and massacre, the unruly crusaders returned to Cyprus
>      with immense booty. Peter planned to return, but no European aid
>      was forthcoming, and after his murder in 1369 a treaty of peace was
>      signed. No further crusades set out with Jerusalem as the
>      objective. What followed were not really crusades in the old sense
>      but campaigns such as the crusades of Nicopolis in 1396 and Varna
>      in 1444, whose purpose was to defend Europe against the Ottoman
>      Turks, a new power in the East.''
>      -[3] ENCYCLOP∆DIA BRITANNICA
>
>      ``Peter of Lusignan, King of Cyprus, wishing to wage a good and
>      profitable Crusade, departed with a great fleet and sacked
>      Alexandria in Egypt. The Sultan of Cairo, Al-Ashraf Shaaban, as an
>      act of revenge, persecuted all the Christians in his kingdom. He
>      imprisoned sixteen Franciscans of the Holy Land. They remained in
>      prison in Damascus for five years where they died of privations.''
>      - [4]The Franciscans
>      _________________________________________________________________
>
>    Last changed: 99/12/19 18:10:45
>
> References
>
>    1. file://localhost/sinclair/who/henry.html
>    2. file://localhost/sinclair/600/9805.html#Crusade
>    3. http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/6/0,5716,118966+6,00.html
>    4. http://www.christusrex.org/www2/liberation/III-4.html
> [ This is the Sinclair family discussion list, sinclair@mids.org
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